WH Unit 4 Protestant

Question Answer
What were the complaints against the Catholic Church? European monarchs resumed the amount of power a.m. wealth the church had, German and English nobles didna??t like the Italian domination of the church, European merchants didna??t like the ban on usury, and Catholics were upset with growing church corrupt
What were the beliefs and actions of Martin Luther? He became the father of the reformation because of his idea that only the scripture, faith, and grace could provide salvation.
What were the beliefs and actions of John Calvin? He wrote the institutes of the Christian religion, proposed the theory of predestination, and became the leader of Geneva, Switzerland.
What were the actions of Henry 8? He was an English royal who fought with the pope over his desire for an annulment which led to the creation of the new church(Church of England).
What were the actions of Elizabeth 1? She was known as the virgen queen because of her refusal to marry a catholic or Protestant. She made the 39 articles. Also her defeat of the Spanish Armada made England the most powerful nation in Europe.
What were the effects of the reformation? Secularism, Individualism, Religious Tolerance and Gutenberg Printing Press
Describe the 30 year war. war between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire which led to the dismantling of the Holy Roman Empire
Describe the Huguenot war. A war between calvinista and the Catholic monarch. The Catholic monarch was forced to grant Huguenots freedom through the edict of Nantes.
What is a Huguenot? French calvinists whose battle with the catholic leaders resulted in the seven wars known as the French wars of religion.
Describe the edict of Nantes. Document which gave religious tolerance to the French Huguenots
Describe the cardinal Richelieu. French religious leader who helped the king drive out the Huguenots and made sure France was a catholic nation
Describe Hapsburg. A ruling family of the Holy Roman Empire who were Catholics whose persecution of the Protestants led to the thirty year war
How did the counter reformation combat the inquisition? The the church launched the inquisition prosecute and reinforced the catholic donctrine.
How did the counter reformation contribute to the inquisition? Creating the index of banned books
How did the counter reformation combat the jesuits/the society of Jesus? By sanctioning them with the Ignatius of Loyola
How did the counter reformation contribute to the jesuits/society of Jesus? By sending them all over the world as missionaries to spread the word of god and convert as many people as possible to the catholic faith
How did the counter reformation combat the council of Trent? The council of Trent was convened
How did the counter reformation contribute to the council of Trent? the catholic hierarchy reaffirmed most catholic teaching to demonstrate its opposition to reformation teaching
How did the counter reformation combat the index of banned books? blaming Galileo for heresy for claiming the earth revolves around the sun
How did the counter reformation contribute to the index of banned books? Idk nibba ask jahayra
Define secularism
Define individualism
Define religious tolerance
Define Gutenberg printing press(bible was the first book printed!)
Which groups were in the Armenian genocide?
Where did the Armenian genocide take place?
Which groups were in the Arab-Israeli conflict?
Where did the Arab-Israeli conflict take place?
Which groups were in the partioning of India into Pakistan and Bangladesh?
Where did the partitioning of India into Pakistan and Bangladesh take place?
Which groups were in a??The Troublesa???
Where did the a??troublesa?? take place?
Which groups were in the Bosnian and Croat a??Genocidea???
Where did the Bosnian and Croat a??Genocidea?? take place?
Define Calvinism Christian denomination whose foundations is the concept of predestination. Also know as Huguenots, puritans, pilgrims, and Presbyterians
Define 95 thesis Written by Martin Luther, listed the ways in which the practices of the Catholic Church were corrupted.
Define Protestant Church Any Christian Church that broke off from the Catholic Church
Define catholic/counter reformation Formed by the Catholic Church to decide what should be done to fight the Protestant reformation
Define Protestant reformation The era that led to the division of Catholicism in Western Europe and the creation of new Christian denominations
Define Ignatius of Loyola The leader of the jesuits who were deployed by the Catholic Church
Define treaty of West Phalia Ended the thirty years war giving Protestants religious toleration
Definition of vernacular The language of he people that reformers wanted made in the Bible
Who were the early reformers who gained followers but couldna??t spread their messages as the printing press had not yet been made Wycliffe and huss
Definition of predestination The idea that god has everything planned out already
Definition of the Catholic Church The church that had control of Western Europe until the Protestant reformation
Definition of Church of England Created as a result of Henry the 8tha??s fight with the pope
Definition of council of Trent A court set up by the Catholic Church in all catholic Kingdoms made to question peoplea??s faith
Definition of indulgences Sold by the clergy to reduce someonea??s time in purgatory to get them to heaven faster
Define holy Roman empren
Define Holy Roman Empire The area of Europe that encompassed Germany and nearby areas that were in the thirty years war
Define the inquisition The war waged by the papacy to combat the Protestant reformation in order to maintain church power
After people were questioning church validity, they began to look for answers elsewhere which led to the development of the scientific revolution
The idea of uniformity and comformitygave way to a belief in individualism which eventually made a way for democracy to happen
After years of bloodshed the idea of religious tolerance became more prevalent
Because of the Protestant belief that the Bible is the final authority on gods word, the Bible was the first most widely printed book.
Ottoman Empire and orthodox Christians
Ottoman empire
Israel Jews and palestinian Muslims and Arab neighbors
Israel/formerly Palestine
Hindu nationalists and Indian Muslims
Irish Catholics and English/British Protestants
Northern Ireland
Orthodox Christian Serbs and Bosniaks(Bosnian Muslims)+Catholic Croats