Grammar Basic Grammar

Term Definition
Proper noun The specific name of a person, place or thing. Example; George Washington, Taco Bell, and Carlie
Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Example; he, she, it, them.
Prepositions show: A preposition shows time, location, or movement. Example; During, on, and into
A Conjunction is… A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, and clauses.
The seven conjunctions: Use FANBOYS to remember: For, and, nor, but, or, yet , so.
Independent Clause: An Independent clause is a sentence that can stand on it own because it contains a subject, a verb, and a complete thought.
Dependent Clause: A dependent clause contains a subordinant conjunction and a clause.
Compound sentence: A compound sentence is a sentence that contains 2 independent clauses joined by a comma and a conjunction.
Complex sentence: A sentence with 1 or more dependent clauses and an Independent clause.
Rules for commas in a complex sentence: If the Independent clause starts the sentence, there is no comma. However, if the sentence starts with a dependent clause, you add a comma.