Chapters 11-13 Urinary Sysem, Female and male reproductive system

Question Answer
The urinary system is made of what? The urinary system is made up of two kidneys, two ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra.
What is the primary function of the urinary system? The primary function of the urinary system Is to regulate the extracellular fluids of the body.
Why are the kidneys retroperitoneal? The kidneys are retroperitoneal because they are located outside of the peritoneum.
Where does filtration occur? Filtration occurs the renal corpuscle as water, electrolytes, sugar and other small molecules in the blood plasma in the afferent tubule pass into the bowman capsule to form filtrate.
What is Glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomerular membrane in the neurons, and causes it to become permeable.
How is an infection indicated? An infection is indicated by having a urinalysis that reveals proteinuia, hematuria, and bateruria.
What causes glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is caused by bacterial endocarditis, viral infections, autoimmune disease, or a reaction to toxins that are produced by pathogenic bacteria.
How is nephrolithiasis formed? Nephrolithiasis is formed when dissolved salts begin to solidify.
How do they treat nephroliathiasis? They treat nephroliathiasis by ultrasound shock waves.
How many dialysis treatments are there? Two
What are the internal organs of the female reproductive system? ovaries, Fallopian tube, uterus, and the vagina.
How many ovaries does a woman have? two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus.
What is the duration of the menstrual cycle? The duration of the menstrual cycle is approximately 28 days.
How dilated does the cervix have to be during child birth? The cervix has to be dilated 10 centimeter.
What is the last stage of labor? the placental stage.
When a woman is going through menopause what are somethings they may experience? hot flashes, vaginal dryness and vaginal thinning.
Why do women who are going through menopause experience hot flashes, vaginal dryness and vaginal thinning? Because of estrogen levels falling.
What is the medical term for a woman who's never had children? nulliparous
What age are women when they have to receive periodic mammograms? 40 years
How is cervical cancer detected? Pap test
What do the primary male reproductive organs consist of? Two testes, scrotum, seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferent, seminal vesicle, ejaculatory duct, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, penis, urethra, glans penis, urethral orifice, peruse.
What does the seminal vesicle contain? nutrients that support sperm viability and produces 60% of semen.
Whats the definition of gamete? reproductive cell that contains one-half of the chromosomes required to produce an offspring of the species.
What ages are getting STDs? 15 to 24
What bacteria is gonorrhea caused by? Neisseria gonorrheae
What is the most damaging STI in the US? Chlamydia
What bacteria does Treponema Pallidum cause? Syphilis
How many types of genital herpes are there? 2
Urology is what? a branch of medicine concerned with he male reproductive system.